Pacific Islanders derive most of their animal-source protein from fish (FAO 2010). In this region, fish consumption rates are among the highest in the world. Fishing is consistently one of the top two sources of livelihood in rural communities, with 60–90 percent of fish consumed caught by the household (WorldFish 2008).

Fish also contribute significantly to national economies, particularly in those countries with significant tuna stocks. Population growth, overfishing and climate change threaten the supply of fish and present major nutrition security challenges in the future.

FISH has research programs in Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste

Research focuses on management of coastal marine resources, the promotion of supplementary livelihood options and the development of sustainable aquaculture.