Aquaculture is the primary source of fish production in Egypt. Tilapia is the species most farmed in the country, which has 115,000 hectares of aquaculture ponds. The majority of the country’s fish production is consumed in the country, providing the equivalent of one fish per person per week. A key research focus is on improving fish genetics to transform Egypt into a role model for African aquaculture development. FISH works closely with aquaculture stakeholders, the private sector and government organizations to deliver research on increasing aquaculture productivity, increasing the flow-on benefits of fish farming to women and youth, and enhancing fish value chains. It also manages the Africa Aquaculture Research and Training Center, a regional center of excellence for genetics research and training in best management practices.
A current priority in Egypt is the further development and dissemination of the Abbassa strain of Nile tilapia, building resilience and biosecuring the breeding nucleus. In Nigeria, the development of Nile tilapia aquaculture will not only increase production and fish consumption but also lead to higher youth employment, increased household income, improved nutrition and reduced child mortality.
- Harrison Karisa, Country Director, Egypt and Nigeria