Africa faces extreme poverty and food and nutrition security challenges. More than 40 percent of the population lives on less than USD 1.90 a day, and 38 percent of children under five are malnourished (World Bank 2016). Despite fish contributing 18 percent of the total animal-source protein in Africa, fish consumption is the lowest in the world at 9.2 kg per capita (Beveridge et al. 2013).

In Africa, FISH aims to increase the productivity of fisheries and aquaculture, which employ an estimated 12.3 million people (27 percent women) (FAO 2014), and improve livelihoods for poor women, men and youth.

Specifically, FISH conducts research focused on reducing postharvest losses, strengthening fishery governance and co-management systems, and improving gender equality and equity. Research takes places in Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi,Nigeria, Sierra Leone,Tanzania and Zambia.