Indonesia is one of the top ten aquaculture-producing countries globally. The sector makes a significant contribution to the country's development. Women are engaged in a range of aquaculture production and value chain activities in Indonesia. In particular, women are predominate in marketing and processing. Despite this, there is currently a lack of information regarding women's roles - and more fundamentally - the outcomes for women and factors that enable or constrain these. This represents a critical gap in the knowledge needed for effective aquaculture programmes and policies. This report presents the findings of a small study that begins to address this gap. Overall, the objective of the study is to generate a greater understanding of if, and the ways in which women's engagement in aquaculture may contribute to women's social and economic empowerment.